American Eskimo vs Pomeranian: A Tail of Two Breeds

American Eskimo vs Pomeranian

Both hailing from the spitz breeds family, the American Eskimo vs Pomeranian are often compared for their strikingly fluffy appearances and spirited personalities. With their origins rooted deeply in the historical events of the early 1900s and a shared lineage that involves the German Spitz breed, these two dogs have carved a unique niche in the hearts of dog lovers across the United States.

While the American Eskimo, known for its pristine white coat, gained significant attention during the World Wars, the Pomeranian, originally a larger dog, underwent a transformation in size thanks to the influence of Queen Victoria in the 19th century. Their histories, intertwined with world events like anti-German sentiment and a changing societal landscape, make them more than just pretty faces.

As these breeds gained recognition from institutions like the American Kennel Club and the American Eskimo Dog Club of America, potential dog owners found themselves in a quandary. Which of these fluffy companions would make the best addition to their families? Dive into this detailed comparison to find out the answer and discover the fascinating tales behind these beloved dogs.

Origins and Historical Background

The rich tapestries of the American Eskimo and Pomeranian breeds offer captivating glimpses into their evolutionary journeys. Tracing their lineage back to the broader family of spitz breeds, each has its distinct chronicle, shaped by societal trends, world events, and passionate enthusiasts.

American Eskimo: From German Farms to American Hearts

Beginning its journey as a sled and farm dog in Germany, the American Eskimo shares its DNA with the German Spitz breed. As it traveled to American shores, the rising anti-German sentiment during the World Wars prompted a rebranding, giving rise to the name ‘American Eskimo.’

This intelligent breed, known for its agility, didn’t just become a household favorite. By the early 1900s, they were also star performers, stealing the limelight in numerous circus acts.

Pomeranian: The Arctic Worker Turned Royal Companion

Originally serving as sturdy sled-pulling dogs in Arctic regions, the Pomeranian’s destiny took a royal turn. Queen Victoria‘s fondness for a smaller-sized Pomeranian, encountered during her Italian sojourn, catalyzed a transformation in the breed’s size and status during the 19th century.

No longer just robust workers, Pomeranians soon found themselves basking in royal luxury and adoration, setting a trend that would redefine their role in households globally.

In the ever-evolving world of canine breeds, the tales of the American Eskimo and Pomeranian remind us of the dynamic interplay of history, society, and breed evolution, painting a vivid picture of adaptability and enduring charm.

American Eskimo

American Eskimo

Physical Characteristics and Appearance

Understanding the aesthetics of a dog breed can often be the initial factor for potential pet owners. Both the American Eskimo and Pomeranian, with their distinctive looks and furry appeal, often lead to delightful conundrums for enthusiasts. As members of the Spitz family, their appearance bears some similarities, but distinct features set them apart.

The Alluring Charm of the American Eskimo

Renowned for its mesmerizing white coat, the American Eskimo often stands out in a crowd. This breed exhibits a range of sizes, from toy variants to the standard size, ensuring a fit for various household needs. Their almond-shaped eyes, paired with their expressive black noses, often convey a sense of curiosity and intelligence.

But it’s not just their pristine appearance that catches the eye; their dense undercoat, a signature trait of many spitz dogs, provides them with protection, especially in cold weather conditions. This dense protection, coupled with their outer coat, makes them a visual treat, especially when they’re in full fluff during colder months.

Pomeranian’s Pint-Sized Elegance

The Pomeranian, while sharing a spitz heritage, offers a slightly different visual appeal. Known for their thick double coat that can come in a variety of different colors, they often resemble tiny, fluffy balls of energy.

Their signature plumed tail, which gracefully arches over their back, combined with their diminutive stature, has made them a favorite, especially after their endorsement by royals like Queen Victoria. Moreover, their dense undercoat not only adds volume to their appearance but also serves as insulation against adverse weather.

Beyond their obvious physical beauty, the subtle nuances in their features, influenced by factors like health conditions and genetics, offer insights into their histories and adaptability. Whether it’s the American Eskimo’s legacy as a farm dog or the Pomeranian’s transition from a larger dog to a petite companion, their physical attributes narrate tales of evolution, survival, and undeniable charisma.

pomeranian dog breed


Temperament and Lifestyle Compatibility

Choosing between the American Eskimo and Pomeranian isn’t just about aesthetics; understanding their temperaments and how they might fit into various lifestyles is crucial. Both breeds, rich in history and influenced by their Spitz family lineage, bring forth a palette of personality traits that prospective pet owners need to consider.

American Eskimo: The Intelligent Watchdog

The American Eskimo, often regarded as one of the most trainable dog breeds, showcases a blend of high intelligence and alertness. Their past as circus dogs and farm dogs has imbued them with a keen sense of their surroundings, making them excellent watchdogs.

However, with this alert nature comes the potential for separation anxiety if they’re left alone for extended periods. Their bond with family members is profound, and they often thrive in environments where they are included in daily activities and given regular mental and physical stimulation. Early socialization is paramount to ensure they gel well with other pets and humans, minimizing any behavioral problems.

Pomeranian: The Spirited Companion

Pomeranians, despite their small size, come with a big personality. They’re vivacious, curious, and always eager to be the center of attention. As historical companions to royalty, they’ve developed a certain regal air about them, making them sometimes a tad bit stubborn. However, their affectionate nature and zeal for play make them excellent companions for families, singles, and even seniors.

But, like their American Eskimo counterparts, they too can suffer from separation anxiety and benefit from early socialization. Additionally, their good watchdog instincts, combined with their vocal nature, means they’re always ready to alert their human family about any perceived threats.

Understanding the intricacies of their temperaments is the best way to ensure a harmonious relationship. While both breeds come with their quirks, their shared ancestry as spitz breeds provides a common ground of loyalty, alertness, and adaptability. The key lies in aligning their characteristics with individual lifestyles and needs.

pomeranian vs american eskimo

Health and Lifespan Considerations

One of the vital aspects to consider when choosing between breeds is their health profile and life expectancy. Both the American Eskimo and Pomeranian have specific health needs and concerns that potential pet owners should be aware of. By understanding these, you can ensure a longer, happier life for your furry friend.

American Eskimo: A Life Lived Robustly

The American Eskimo generally boasts a sturdy health profile. However, like all breeds, they are susceptible to certain health problems. One of the prevalent issues in the breed is progressive retinal atrophy, a condition affecting their eyes.

Moreover, joint issues like canine hip dysplasia can be a concern, especially in larger Eskies. Regular vet check-ups, ensuring a healthy diet, and keeping a close eye on their physical activity can mitigate many of these health concerns. On the positive side, with proper care and attention, the American Eskimo’s life expectancy can range from 12 to 15 years, providing many joyful years with family members.

Pomeranian: The Delicate Dynamo

Pomeranians, while exuding vibrancy, require attentive care when it comes to their health. Common health issues in this breed include patellar luxation, a knee condition, and potential heart problems. Their small size also makes them more prone to dental issues, so regular dental check-ups are essential.

Additionally, potential owners should be wary of breeders offering “teacup” sizes, as these can sometimes come with additional health problems. Consulting a reputable breeder is always the best way to ensure you’re getting a healthy pup. Typically, with adequate care, Pomeranians can enjoy a life expectancy of 12 to 16 years.

It’s important to note that while genetic factors do play a role in a dog’s health, a balanced diet, regular check-ups, and a loving environment can significantly impact their overall well-being and longevity. And remember, purchasing or adopting from recognized establishments or reputable breeders can make a world of difference in ensuring the health of your chosen companion.

pomimo parents

Grooming Needs and Maintenance

One cannot overlook the grooming demands when considering breeds with such visually stunning coats as the American Eskimo and Pomeranian. While their fluffy exteriors add to their charm, they also come with specific maintenance requirements to keep them looking and feeling their best.

American Eskimo: Fluff and Vigilance

The American Eskimo, adorned with a dense white coat and a substantial undercoat, is undoubtedly a head-turner. But this beauty comes with its fair share of grooming responsibilities. Eskies are heavy shedders, especially during shedding seasons. Regular brushing, preferably multiple times a week, is essential to prevent matting and tangling and to keep their coat gleaming.

Additionally, due to their thick double coat, they can trap dirt and debris, so periodic baths are a must. On the upside, their white coat can be a good indicator of when it’s time for a wash, as dirt becomes easily visible.

Pomeranian: Petite but Plush

The Pomeranian’s distinct thick double coat is both a blessing and a challenge. Their outer coat is long and straight, while the undercoat is soft and fluffy. To maintain their signature puff, regular brushing is non-negotiable. It not only helps in removing loose fur but also stimulates the natural oils in their skin, adding a healthy sheen.

Poms, too, are heavy shedders, and without regular grooming, their fur can become a tangled mess. Their plumed tail and facial fur also need special attention to maintain their iconic look. While they don’t need frequent baths, ensuring their coat is dry and free from matting post-wash is vital.

For both breeds, other grooming essentials, such as nail trimming, ear cleaning, and dental care, should be integrated into their routine. Investing in a good grooming toolkit and perhaps even periodic visits to a professional groomer can ensure your Eskie or Pom looks picture-perfect and feels comfortable. Remember, grooming isn’t just about aesthetics; it’s also about maintaining their overall health and well-being.


Training and Exercise Needs

A fulfilling life for a dog is often intertwined with their physical and mental stimulation. The American Eskimo and Pomeranian, while differing in size and origin, have specific needs when it comes to training and activity. Ensuring these needs are met is pivotal for their well-being and building a harmonious bond with them.

American Eskimo: Active and Agile

Known for their intelligence and agility, the American Eskimo is an active breed. Regular exercise, ranging from brisk walks to playful sessions in a yard, is crucial to keep them stimulated. They have an innate talent for agility courses and even tricks, which can be attributed to their circus dog lineage.

Training sessions should be consistent and positive-reinforcement based, given their high intelligence. On average, providing them with about 30 to 45 minutes of exercise daily is essential to prevent boredom and potential behavioral problems.

Pomeranian: Energetic in Small Packages

Don’t be fooled by the Pomeranian’s small size; these dogs are bundles of energy. While they might not require as much exercise as larger breeds, they still benefit immensely from daily play sessions and short walks. Their intelligent nature means they’re always up for learning new tricks, making training sessions both a bonding activity and a mental workout.

However, their somewhat independent streak can make them a tad stubborn. Thus, using positive reinforcement and ensuring early socialization can ease training endeavors. A daily total of 20 to 30 minutes of exercise generally suffices to keep these little dynamos content.

Both breeds thrive with structure and routine. It’s essential to note that while physical activities are fundamental, mental stimulation through training, puzzle toys, and interactive sessions equally contribute to their happiness and overall development.

American-Eskimo-vs-Pomeranian breed

Conclusion: American Eskimo vs Pomeranian

Choosing between the American Eskimo and Pomeranian is no simple feat, given the charm, intelligence, and rich history both breeds offer. From their stunning spitz family lineage to their unique grooming needs and diverse temperaments, there’s a wealth of considerations to navigate.

While each dog comes with its set of quirks, the underlying truth remains – with proper care, love, and understanding, either breed can become an invaluable family member, bringing joy, love, and unforgettable memories. Your journey doesn’t end with picking one; it merely begins, leading to a fulfilling partnership filled with growth, companionship, and countless moments of happiness.


  • Which breed is more suitable for families with small children? Both breeds can be wonderful with kids, provided they are socialized early. However, due to the Pomeranian’s small size, it’s crucial to ensure that interactions with very young children are supervised to prevent any accidental injuries.
  • Are these breeds suitable for apartment living? Yes, both the American Eskimo and Pomeranian can adapt to apartment living. The key is ensuring they get their daily dose of exercise and mental stimulation.
  • How often should I visit a vet for health check-ups? Regular health check-ups, at least once a year, are recommended for both breeds. However, if you observe any health concerns or behavioral changes, it’s best to consult your vet promptly.
  • Can they adapt to warm climates, given their thick coats? While both breeds have thick double coats designed for colder environments, they can adapt to warmer climates with proper care. Ensure they have a cool, shaded place during hot months and keep them hydrated.
  • Are there any hybrid or designer breeds associated with the American Eskimo or Pomeranian? Yes, one popular hybrid breed is the Pomimo dog, which is a mix between the American Eskimo and the Pomeranian. As with all hybrid breeds, characteristics can vary, so it’s essential to research and meet potential pups before deciding.

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