All About The Carkie

All About The Carkie

“Cairn Terrier Yorkie Mix”

Weight 9-15
Height 8-12
Lifespan 12-15
Coat Colors Tan, Brown, White, Black, Gray
Coat Traits Medium to Long Length, Soft, Straight, Hypoallergenic
Temperament Affectionate, Loyal, Playful, Intelligent, Alert

The Carkie, a Cairn Terrier Yorkie mix, is a small and charming canine that has captured the hearts of many pet lovers. This breed can weigh between 9-15 pounds and stand between 8-12 inches tall. With a lifespan of 12-15 years, they make great long-term furry companions.

Carkies are known for their soft, straight, medium to long coats that come in a variety of colors, such as tan, brown, white, black, and grey. Additionally, this breed is hypoallergenic, perfect for those with allergies.

With their endearing looks and easy upkeep, it’s no wonder why these adorable pups have become a popular choice for many pet owners.

Carkie Generations

As with many hybrid breeds or ‘designer dogs’, there are different generations of Carkies, primarily F1, F1B, and F2. Understanding these classifications is important for potential owners and breeders alike.

F1 Generation

The F1 generation refers to the first-generation offspring of two pure breeds, in this case, a Cairn Terrier and a Yorkshire Terrier. These Carkie dogs tend to exhibit a balanced mix of the parent breeds’ character traits.

They have a high energy level, reflecting the terrier breeds’ lively nature, and they often sport a long coat, which could be soft like a Yorkie’s or firm like a Cairn’s.

Carkie dogs are small breed dogs that make great companions, particularly if given proper training from a young age. Like their parent breeds, they are known to be good watchdogs, despite their small size.

They might, however, exhibit small dog syndrome if not well-socialized, underscoring the importance of consistent behavior training.

F1B Generation

The F1B generation refers to the offspring of an F1 Carkie and a purebred, either a Cairn Terrier or a Yorkshire Terrier. This breeding technique is often used to reinforce certain desirable traits from one of the parent breeds.

For instance, an F1 Carkie bred with a Yorkshire Terrier might yield pups with a softer coat.

One must consider that behavioral issues may emerge if these designer dogs are not given an outlet for their excess energy. Regular exercise and mental stimulation are vital for these affectionate dogs to prevent the development of separation anxiety.

F2 Generation

The F2 generation is the result of breeding two F1 Carkies together. The traits in this generation can vary more widely than in the F1 or F1B generation due to the increased genetic diversity.

Some F2 Carkies might lean more towards the Cairn Terrier in appearance and behavior, while others might be more akin to the Yorkshire Terrier.

Regardless of the generation, a Carkie’s health should be a priority. Regular vet check-ups, a balanced diet to prevent weight gain, and monitoring for any potential health issues are essential. When purchasing a Carkie, always ask for a health certificate from the breeder.

Understanding these generations is part of the most important thing about being a responsible Carkie owner. Whether an F1, F1B, or F2, every Carkie has the potential to be a loving family member and even a therapy dog with the right care and training.

All About The Carkie

Carkie History

To truly understand the history of Carkie dogs, we need to delve into the rich heritage of its parent breeds: the Cairn Terrier and the Yorkshire Terrier. The Carkie, as a designer dog breed, doesn’t have as long a history as its parents, but it is firmly standing on the shoulders of these well-established breeds.

The Cairn Terrier

Originating in the Scottish Highlands, the Cairn Terrier dates back to the 19th century. They were primarily used to hunt small prey such as foxes and rodents hiding in ‘cairns’ or stone piles, hence the name Cairn Terrier.

These energetic dogs were known for their rugged, weather-resistant coats, which could range from brindled to black, cream, or even grey.

The Cairn Terrier was recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC) in 1913, and they remain popular for their tenacious yet affectionate character.

The Yorkshire Terrier

The Yorkshire Terrier, or ‘Yorkie,’ originated in England, specifically in the county of Yorkshire, in the 19th century. Initially bred to catch rats in mills, Yorkies soon found favor in Victorian high society due to their small size, long, silky coat, and charming demeanor.

This breed was acknowledged by the AKC in 1885. To this day, the Yorkshire Terrier is loved for its bold, adventurous spirit and beautiful, soft coat, characteristics that make them excellent companions and show dogs.

The Carkie Dog

As a hybrid breed, Carkies started gaining recognition in the late 20th century with the rise of ‘designer dogs.’ The blend of the Cairn Terrier’s lively energy and the Yorkie’s refined elegance resulted in a small but spirited dog breed, full of character and perfect for families.

The Cairn Terrier Yorkie mix has not yet been officially recognized by the AKC, but they’re still gaining popularity due to their appealing mixture of traits. They are small dogs with plenty of energy, a loving temperament, and a unique look.

As more families across the world welcome Carkies into their homes, the history of this hybrid breed continues to be written. They have truly carved out a niche for themselves in the canine world, bridging the gap between the traditional terrier breeds and the modern needs of dog owners.

All About The Carkie

Carkie Appearance

Carkie dogs, with their blend of Cairn Terrier and Yorkshire Terrier characteristics, are known for their distinct and endearing looks. The combination of traits from both parent breeds results in a small, yet charismatic dog, full of personality.

Body Size and Weight

Carkie Terriers are a small breed dog, standing at a height of around 8 to 12 inches when fully grown. Their weight typically falls between 9 to 15 pounds, depending on their diet, exercise, and individual genetic makeup.


One of the most noticeable features of a Carkie Terrier is their coat. It’s medium to long, soft, and usually straight, showing the influence of their Yorkshire Terrier lineage.

The coat colors can vary widely, reflecting the diversity found in both parent breeds. You might see Carkies in shades of tan, brown, white, black, or even grey.

Interestingly, like many other terrier breeds, Carkies are considered hypoallergenic, making them a good choice for individuals with allergies.

Body, Head, and Tail

The Carkie’s body is compact and well-proportioned. They possess the sturdiness of the Cairn Terrier, combined with the elegance of the Yorkshire Terrier. Their head often exhibits the Yorkie’s delicate features, with bright, intelligent eyes and a keen expression.

A Carkie’s tail is typically medium in length and may carry a slight curl. Some Carkie Terriers inherit the Yorkie’s traditionally docked tail, while others might have the Cairn’s natural, bushy tail.

Ears, Nails, and Teeth

Carkies usually have small, perky ears that stand erect, similar to their Cairn Terrier parent. Their nails, like all dogs, grow continuously and will require regular trimming to prevent discomfort and potential health issues.

As for their teeth, Carkie Terriers, like other small dog breeds, are prone to dental issues. Regular brushing from a young age, coupled with professional cleanings, can help maintain their oral health.

Despite their small size, Carkies are full of energy and charm. Their unique appearance is a delightful blend of their parent breeds, making each Yorkie Cairn Terrier mix a one-of-a-kind companion.

Their coat, body shape, and expressive features make them stand out in the world of small hybrid breeds.

Carkie Lifespan

Carkie dogs, with a well-cared-for and healthy lifestyle, have an average life expectancy of 12 to 15 years. This lifespan aligns with that of many small dog breeds and is a testament to the robust health inherited from their parent breeds, the Cairn Terrier and the Yorkshire Terrier.

As with all dogs, maintaining a balanced diet, ensuring regular exercise to manage their high energy level, and providing consistent veterinary care are all crucial to helping your Carkie live a long, happy life.

Early training, socialization, and stress management can also positively impact their overall well-being and longevity.

cute carkie

Carkie Ideal Environment

Carkie Terriers are versatile pets that can comfortably adapt to various living conditions. Their small size makes them perfect for apartment living, but they’re equally at home in larger dwellings.

Providing a safe, cozy space for them within your home, like a dedicated bed or a favorite corner, helps them feel secure.

Weather Tolerance

Carkies’ tolerance for different climates leans towards the moderate. Their medium to long coat can cause them to overheat in excessively warm conditions, while their small size might leave them feeling cold in severe winter weather.

Therefore, maintaining a comfortable indoor environment is crucial for their well-being.

Interaction with Children and Other Pets

Known for their sociability, Carkie Terriers are generally good with young children and other pets when adequately socialized. However, always ensure that interactions between your Cairn Terrier Yorkie mix and young children are supervised to keep everyone safe.

Dealing with Separation Anxiety

Cairn Terrier Yorkie mixes, like many companion dogs, can experience separation anxiety if left alone for too long. They thrive on company and interaction, so a household where someone is often home would be ideal for this breed.


Carkie Temperament

Carkies carry a delightful blend of traits from their parent breeds, the Cairn Terrier and the Yorkshire Terrier, leading to a unique temperament that’s filled with charisma and character.

Affectionate and Loyal

Cairn Terrier Yorkie mixes are renowned for their affectionate nature. They create strong bonds with their families and cherish time spent with their human companions. Their loyalty is commendable, often sticking close to their favorite people, displaying the typical “velcro dog” behavior.

Energetic and Playful

Embodying their terrier lineage, Carkies possess a high energy level. They are playful dogs, always up for a game or an exciting exploration. Their vivacious and spirited demeanor is infectious, making them a delightful presence in any household.

Good with Children and Other Pets

When properly socialized from a young age, Cairn Terrier Yorkie mixes generally get along well with young children and other pets. Their friendly and sociable nature makes them a great addition to families of all sizes.

Intelligent and Alert

Inherited from both the Cairn Terrier and the Yorkshire Terrier, intelligence is a key characteristic of Carkies. They are quick to learn and eager to please, often making training a rewarding experience.

Alongside their innate curiosity, their alert nature makes them excellent watchdogs, always prepared to alert their family of any unusual activity.

Sensitivity and Responsiveness

While Cairn Terrier Yorkie mixes are generally robust and resilient, they do have a sensitive side. They don’t respond well to harsh treatment or significant changes in their environment. Approaching training with positivity and patience is important, as is providing plenty of mental stimulation to keep them happy and content.

The Carkie’s temperament is a delightful mix of affection, energy, intelligence, and sensitivity. They bring warmth, fun, and a touch of terrier tenacity to their families, which makes them a popular choice among many dog enthusiasts.

Happy Carkie

Carkie Grooming

Proper grooming is an essential part of caring for a Yorkie Cairn Terrier mix, not just for aesthetic purposes but also for their health and wellbeing. Given the nature of their coat and their active lifestyle, there are several aspects to consider, from brushing and bathing to ear, nail, and dental care.


The Carkie’s medium to long, soft coat requires regular grooming to keep it looking its best. Daily brushing with a firm bristle brush or a greyhound comb can help remove loose hairs, prevent matting, and distribute natural skin oils, promoting a healthy, shiny coat.

The frequency might increase during shedding seasons when Carkies tend to lose more hair.


While Carkies don’t need baths as frequently as some other breeds, it’s generally recommended to bathe them once every month or so, depending on their activity level and whether they’ve got into anything, particularly messy.

Use a dog-friendly shampoo to maintain the health of their skin and coat, and always ensure they’re thoroughly dried afterward to prevent chilling.


Yorkie Cairn Terrier mixes, like all dogs, can be prone to ear infections if their ears aren’t kept clean. Regularly check their ears for signs of redness, irritation, or unusual odor, which might indicate an infection.

If they seem clean and healthy, simply wipe the outer area with a soft cloth. If you notice any problems, consult your vet for appropriate treatment.


A Carkie’s nails should be trimmed on a regular basis to prevent overgrowth, which can cause discomfort or potential injury. If you can hear their nails clicking on the floor, it’s probably time for a trim.

Always use a suitable dog nail clipper, and be careful not to cut into the quick, as this can be painful and cause bleeding.


Yorkie Cairn Terrier mixes can be susceptible to dental problems, so establishing a good oral hygiene routine from a young age is essential. Daily brushing is ideal, using a dog-safe toothpaste and a toothbrush designed for small breeds.

Regular dental check-ups with the vet are also important to detect any potential issues early.

Overall, maintaining a consistent grooming routine will not only keep your Yorkie Cairn Terrier mix looking their best, but also help you spot any changes in their health or wellbeing early on. Always remember, a well-groomed Carkie is a happy Carkie!

cairn terrier yorkie mix

Carkie Nutrition

Like all dogs, Carkies require a balanced diet to maintain their health and well-being. While the exact requirements can vary based on factors like age, size, activity level, and health status, there are some general guidelines you can follow.


Cairn Terrier Yorkie mixes, being small breed dogs with a high energy level, need a decent amount of calories to fuel their active lifestyles. On average, they require around 40 calories per pound of body weight per day.

This means that a 10-pound Cairn Terrier Yorkie mix would need about 400 calories daily. However, this could change depending on their activity level and health status.


Protein is the most important component of a Carkie’s diet, as it supports muscle development and maintenance. High-quality sources of animal protein such as chicken, beef, fish, or lamb should be the main ingredient in their food.

On average, a diet consisting of about 20-25% protein is suitable for most Cairn Terrier Yorkie mixes.


While dogs don’t necessarily need carbohydrates in their diet, good-quality carbs can provide them with valuable energy and fiber.

Look for dog foods that include complex carbohydrates like sweet potatoes, brown rice, or oats. Avoid foods with filler ingredients like corn, wheat, and soy, as they offer little nutritional value.


Fats are another essential part of a Carkie’s diet, as they provide the most concentrated source of energy. They also support skin and coat health, as well as brain development.

Healthy sources include fish oil, flaxseed, and chicken fat. As a rule of thumb, about 10-15% of a Carkie’s diet should be comprised of fats.

How Much to Feed Your Carkie

How much food your Cairn Terrier Yorkie mix needs will depend on their size, age, activity level, and overall health. On average, a Cairn Terrier Yorkie mix will require about 1 to 1.5 cups of high-quality dry dog food divided into two meals per day.

Puppies and lactating mothers may require more, while older, less active dogs may need less. Always consult your vet if you’re unsure.

Remember that each dog is unique, and the most important thing is to monitor your Carkie’s weight and adjust their food intake accordingly. Regular vet check-ups will also help to ensure they’re getting the nutrients they need and maintain a healthy weight.

A balanced diet, coupled with regular exercise, will help keep your Cairn Terrier Yorkie mix healthy, happy, and active for many years to come.

carkie puppy

Carkie Training

Training a Carkie is an engaging experience that can further strengthen your bond with them. Their inherent intelligence and eagerness to please can make the process both rewarding and enjoyable.

Here are some key aspects to focus on when training your Yorkie Cairn Terrier mix:

Start Early and Be Consistent

Training should start from a young age, as young dogs are generally more receptive to learning. Establishing a consistent behavior training routine is essential to ensure your Carkie understands what’s expected of them.

Use clear, consistent commands and offer positive reinforcement in the form of treats, praise, or playtime whenever they follow a command correctly.


Socializing your Yorkie Cairn Terrier mix with various people, pets, and environments can help them become well-rounded, confident adults. It can also help prevent behavioral issues, such as aggression or fear, later in life.

Expose your Carkie to different sights, sounds, and experiences in a positive, controlled manner, and remember to always provide reassurance and rewards.

Addressing Small Dog Syndrome

Like other small breeds, Yorkie Cairn Terrier mixes can sometimes develop what’s known as “small dog syndrome,” a set of behaviors exhibited by small dogs that are often treated like human infants or allowed to get away with undesirable behaviors because of their small size.

These behaviors can include excessive barking, nipping, or demonstrating territorial aggression. Proper training and socialization can help manage these issues.

Avoiding Separation Anxiety

Carkies can be prone to separation anxiety due to their affectionate nature and strong bonds with their families. To prevent this, gradually accustom them to being alone for short periods.

Create a safe, comfortable space for them and provide toys or activities to keep them entertained. Consistent behavior training can also help them feel secure when alone.

Training Sessions

Keep training sessions short and fun to maintain your Carkie’s interest and energy level. Break up training into multiple short sessions throughout the day rather than one long session. Remember, the goal of training is to build a strong, positive relationship with your Yorkie Cairn Terrier mix.

In conclusion, training a Carkie Terrier requires patience, consistency, and plenty of positive reinforcement. However, the end result is well worth the effort – a well-behaved, confident, and happy Yorkie Cairn Terrier mix who is a pleasure to live with.

Black Carkie

Carkie Exercise

Carkies are a small, energetic breed with plenty of energy to spare. Their high energy level and playful nature make them a joy to be around, but also means they require regular exercise to stay happy, healthy, and well-behaved.

Here’s what you need to know about exercising your Cairn Terrier Yorkie mix.

Daily Exercise

To keep their excess energy in check and prevent behavioral issues such as chewing or digging, Carkies should get at least 30-60 minutes of exercise per day. This can be broken down into multiple walks, playtime in the yard, or indoor games.

Keep in mind that due to their small size, they can tire out relatively quickly, so monitor them closely during exercise to ensure they don’t overexert themselves.

Mental Stimulation

Cairn Terrier Yorkie mixes are intelligent dogs and enjoy activities that engage their minds. Puzzle toys, training sessions, or games of hide and seek can provide valuable mental stimulation, keeping them occupied and preventing boredom.


Harness their playful nature and engage them in fun activities. Games like fetch, tug of war, or even setting up a mini agility course in your backyard can keep them entertained while also providing physical exercise.

Social Interaction

As sociable animals, Carkies enjoy spending time with other dogs. Regular trips to the dog park can be a great way for them to burn off some energy, socialize with other dogs, and explore a new environment.

Ensure your Cairn Terrier Yorkie mix is well-socialized and trained to respond to your commands before venturing into off-leash areas.

Indoor Exercise

On days when outdoor exercise isn’t possible due to bad weather or other factors, there are still plenty of ways to keep your Cairn Terrier Yorkie mix active indoors. Games of fetch down a hallway, interactive toys, or even just a game of chase can help them get the exercise they need.

In conclusion, while Carkies may be small in size, their exercise needs are relatively high due to their energetic and playful nature. Regular exercise, combined with mental stimulation and social interaction, will ensure your Cairn Terrier Yorkie mix stays healthy, happy, and well-behaved.

carkie terrier

Carkie Health Issues

While Carkies, as hybrid breeds, are generally healthy dogs, they can potentially inherit health issues common to their parent breeds – the Cairn Terrier and the Yorkshire Terrier.

Understanding these potential health risks can help ensure your Yorkie Cairn Terrier mix leads a healthy, happy life. Here are some of the health conditions Carkies may be prone to:


Hypothyroidism is a condition where the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormone, which is essential for regulating the body’s metabolism. Symptoms can include weight gain, lethargy, hair loss, and skin problems.

If you notice these signs, your vet can perform a blood test to diagnose the condition. If your Carkie is diagnosed with hypothyroidism, they will likely need daily medication to manage the condition.

Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease

Legg-Calve-Perthes disease is a condition that affects the hip joint. It’s caused by a decrease in blood supply to the head of the femur (thigh bone), leading to the bone’s degeneration.

Symptoms include lameness, pain, and muscle atrophy. This condition is generally managed with rest, physical therapy, and in some cases, surgery.

Patellar Luxation

The medical condition known as patellar luxation occurs when the kneecap (patella) becomes dislocated or moves from its regular position. It’s a common issue in small dogs and can cause intermittent lameness or an abnormal gait.

Mild cases may not require treatment, but more severe cases may require surgery to prevent long-term damage and maintain mobility.


Hypoglycemia, or low blood sugar, is a potential issue for small breeds like the Yorkie Cairn Terrier mix. Symptoms include weakness, confusion, and in severe cases, seizures.

Ensuring your Carkie eats regular meals can help maintain stable blood sugar levels. If your Carkie Terrier exhibits signs of hypoglycemia, it’s important to contact your vet right away.


Yorkie Cairn Terrier mixes, like all breeds, can be at risk of developing diabetes. This condition is characterized by the body’s inability to regulate blood sugar levels effectively.

Symptoms include excessive thirst, frequent urination, weight loss, and lethargy. Management typically involves a combination of diet, exercise, and insulin therapy.

Regular vet check-ups and a healthy lifestyle can go a long way in preventing these health issues or at least catching them early. Always consult with your vet if you have any concerns about your Carkie’s health.

Yorkie Cairn Terrier Mix

Final Thoughts

If you’re looking for a pet that is low maintenance, highly energetic, intelligent, handsome, and loving, then the Carkie is the breed for you. Owning a Carkie is the best thing you could do. Their fantastic personality, energy, and love are everything you could want in a companion.

They’re perfect for first-time dog owners and seasoned veterans alike. A Carkie will light up your life and make every day more enjoyable while bringing a canine charm to your home. So, consider adopting one today!


  • Carkies are a crossbreed between Cairn Terriers and Yorkshire Terriers, with F1, F1B, and F2 generations providing varying levels of genetic diversity.
  • The breed combines characteristics from its parent breeds and was popularized as a designer dog breed in the 19th century.
  • Carkies typically weigh 9-15 pounds and stand 8-12 inches tall. Their coat is medium to long, soft, and comes in various colors including tan, brown, white, black, and grey.
  • The average life expectancy of a Carkie is between 12 to 15 years.
  • Carkies adapt well to various living environments, provided they have a cozy space of their own and aren’t exposed to extreme temperatures.
  • The breed is known for its playful, energetic, and affectionate temperament, making them great companions.
  • Grooming needs include regular brushing, bathing, and taking care of their ears, nails, and teeth. Daily brushing with a firm bristle brush or a greyhound comb is beneficial for their coat.
  • Their diet should be balanced and nutritious, consisting of adequate calories, protein, carbohydrates, and fats. The amount to feed a Carkie varies depending on factors such as size, age, and activity level.
  • Carkies are intelligent and respond well to consistent training from a young age, and they need socialization to avoid behavioral issues.
  • They require regular exercise to burn off excess energy, and they enjoy both physical and mental stimulation.
  • Though generally healthy, Carkies are susceptible to some health conditions including Hypothyroidism, Legg-Calve-Perthes disease, Patellar luxation, Hypoglycemia, and Diabetes. Regular veterinary check-ups can help monitor and manage these potential health issues.

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