Shiranian: A Pomeranian Shih Tzu Mix


“Shih Tzu Pomeranian Mix”

Weight 4-15
Height 7-11
Lifespan 12-16
Coat Colors Black, Red, Chocolate, Brindle, Sable, Orange, Multi-Colored
Coat Traits Long Length, Silky, Straight or Wavy, Hypoallergenic
Temperament Friendly, Affectionate, Intelligent, Social, Playful

The Shiranian, also known as the Shih Pom or Pomshi, is a charming crossbreed between a Pomeranian and a Shih Tzu. Renowned for its small size, typically weighing between 4-15 pounds and standing at 7-11 inches tall, this breed packs a lot of personality into a petite frame.

Featuring a long, silky coat that can be straight or slightly wavy, the Shiranian is a striking breed. Its color palette can range from black, red, and chocolate to brindle, sable, orange, and even multi-colored, making each Shiranian unique in its appearance.

Their hypoallergenic nature, coupled with a lifespan of 12-16 years, makes them not only a visually appealing breed but also a practical choice for those with allergies and families who are looking for a long-term companion. The Shiranian’s distinct blend of charisma and adaptability ensures it is a delightful addition to any home.

Shiranian Generations

The Shiranian dog, a delightful designer dog breed, results from the crossbreeding of two purebred dogs, the Shih Tzu and the Pomeranian. As a hybrid breed, the generations of Shiranians are often referred to as F1, F1B, and F2. Each generation presents its unique characteristics, which dog lovers should consider when selecting their best fit.

F1 Generation

The F1 generation refers to the first-generation offspring of the purebred Shih Tzu and Pomeranian parents. This generation offers the most consistent blend of both parent breeds’ best qualities, resulting in an affectionate dog that’s characterized by a long, often fluffy coat and moderate energy levels.

Given their mixed breed dog status, these Shiranians tend to be healthier, with fewer health issues than their purebred counterparts.

F1B Generation

The F1B generation Shiranian is a result of breeding an F1 Shiranian with a purebred Pomeranian or Shih Tzu. This breeding choice increases the percentage of traits from the purebred parent breed. For instance, an F1B Shiranian, bred with a Shih Tzu, may inherit a longer, silkier coat and more relaxed temperament.

On the other hand, an F1B crossed with a Pomeranian might exhibit a more lively demeanor and a thicker coat.

F2 Generation

The F2 generation Shiranian puppies are born from the breeding of two F1 Shiranian parents. These second-generation Shiranians can display a broad range of physical and temperamental traits due to the wider gene pool.

For instance, the coat colors can range from the Shih Tzu’s predominantly long hair to the Pomeranian’s more fluffy coat. F2 Shiranians may also present a wider range of potential health concerns, as the predictability of traits is less certain than in the F1 or F1B generations.

Understanding these Shiranian generations can assist potential dog owners in making an informed decision about the individual dog that would be a good fit for their lifestyle, be it a lively companion for older children or a tiny dog that’s a good family dog for small children.

Always remember to source your Shiranian from a reputable breeder, avoiding puppy mills, to ensure the best possible health and well-being for your future fluffy friend.

Shiranian Dog

Shiranian History

Before delving into the history of the Shiranian dog breed, it’s essential to consider the origins of its parent breeds, the Shih Tzu and the Pomeranian.

  • The Shih Tzu is an ancient breed dating back to Chinese royalty during the Tang Dynasty. Shih Tzu dogs were kept as prized pets in royal courts and were known for their sweet-natured temperament and a long, luxurious coat.
  • The Pomeranian has its roots in the Arctic region, originally bred as sled dogs. Over time, they were selectively bred to a smaller size for companionship. Known for their fluffy coat, perky ears, and lively nature, Pomeranians have long been favorites among European nobility, including Queen Victoria.

The Emergence of the Shiranian

The Shiranian, like other designer dog breeds, began to emerge in the United States in the late 20th century. This era saw a rise in the popularity of hybrid dogs, mainly due to their unique characteristics and reduced health issues compared to purebred dogs.

  • The Shiranian, a mix of Shih Tzu and Pomeranian breeds, was bred to create a small-sized dog that was both affectionate and lively.
  • The small size and friendly demeanor of the Shih Tzu and Pomeranian mix made it a popular choice among dog lovers seeking a companion dog. Their long coat, which can range from the silky hair of the Shih Tzu to the thick, fluffy coat of the Pomeranian, adds to their appeal.

Today’s Shiranian

Today, the Shiranian dog is one of the most adored designer breeds, recognized for its good-natured temperament, intelligent personality, and adaptability. Despite being a relatively new breed, it has firmly established its place in the hearts of dog lovers.

  • Pomshis are popular in both the United States and worldwide, appealing to families, older individuals, and single persons alike.
  • Due to their small size and moderate energy levels, Shiranians make excellent pets for those living in apartments or houses with limited outdoor space.

Remember, while Shiranians often have fewer health problems than their parent breeds, each individual dog may have different health conditions. It’s crucial to maintain regular vet check-ups, dental care, and a balanced diet to ensure your Pomeranian Shih Tzu mix leads a healthy, happy life.

Shih Tzu Pomeranian mix

Shiranian Appearance

The Shih Tzu Pomeranian mix, a toy dog breed, captivates dog lovers with its endearing appearance and small size. The breed’s individual attributes can vary due to the genetic influence of the parent breeds, but some common features define this delightful mixed breed dog.


The body of a Shihpom is compact, reflecting its small breed dog status. Their weight ranges between 4 to 15 pounds, with a height of about 7 to 11 inches, fitting perfectly into the lap dog category. Despite their petite frame, these dogs have a sturdy build that’s well-suited for their lively demeanor.


The Shih Pom boasts a long, usually straight, but occasionally wavy coat. Their fur is more often than not silky, much like the Shih Tzu parent’s, but can also be fluffy like the Pomeranian’s. Coat colors are diverse, with possibilities including black, red, chocolate, brindle, sable, orange, and multi-color, giving each Shihpom a unique appearance. Their hypoallergenic nature makes them a great choice for individuals with allergies.


The Shiranian has a roundish head with floppy ears that add to their adorable appeal. Short muzzles, similar to the Shih Tzu parent, are common, although the length can vary between individual dogs.

Eyes and Muzzle

The eyes of a Shih Pom are typically dark, round, and expressive, contributing to their charming demeanor. Their short muzzles can make them prone to certain health issues, so potential owners should be mindful of providing appropriate dental care.


Much like the Pomeranian parent, Shiranians often inherit a high-set, curl-over tail. The tail is typically covered in long, dense fur, further enhancing their fluffy appearance.

From their silky long hair to their tiny size, the Shihpom is a bundle of joy wrapped in an adorable package. With proper care and grooming, including daily brushing, their coat remains shiny and healthy, and their overall appearance stays as delightful as their personality.

Shiranian Lifespan

The Pomshi, like other small breed dogs, generally has a good life expectancy, living between 12 to 16 years on average. This relatively long lifespan means they can be a long-term companion for individuals and families. However, like all dogs, Shiranians’ longevity is influenced by various factors such as genetics, diet, exercise, and overall health care.

Ensuring your Shih Tzu Pomeranian mix has regular veterinary check-ups, a balanced diet, and appropriate exercise can significantly contribute to their health and potentially extend their lifespan.

Shih Pom

Shiranian Ideal Environment

The Shiranian is a versatile breed that adapts well to various living conditions, making it an excellent choice for families, individuals, and seniors. Nevertheless, to ensure a healthy and happy life for your Shihpom, some specific considerations should be taken into account.

Ideal Living Environment

Shiranians, owing to their small size, are a good fit for both apartments and larger homes. However, regardless of the size of the living area, providing a safe, warm, and cozy space for them is essential.

  • Indoor Living: Shiranians are indoor dogs and thrive best in the comforts of home. Their fluffy coat and small body size aren’t built to handle extreme temperatures, so maintaining a stable indoor climate is crucial.
  • Access to Outdoor Space: While they do well in apartments, Shih Poms still enjoy having access to a secure outdoor area for play and exploration. Regular short walks or supervised playtime in a garden can meet their moderate energy levels and curiosity about the outside world.

Living Conditions

A few factors that significantly influence the living conditions suitable for a Pomeranian Shih Tzu mix include their exercise needs, social tendencies, and grooming requirements.

  • Exercise Requirements: Although they are small-sized dogs, Shiranians are quite lively and need daily physical and mental stimulation. This can be provided through playtime with dog toys, training sessions, or brief walks.
  • Social Tendencies: Shiranians are friendly dogs that form strong bonds with their human companions. They can develop separation anxiety if left alone for long periods of time. Therefore, a living condition where they get frequent interaction and are not left alone for extended periods is ideal.
  • Grooming Needs: Their long hair needs daily brushing to avoid matting and tangling. A living condition where grooming needs are routinely met will help maintain the health and aesthetics of the Shiranian’s coat.

Every Pomeranian Shih Tzu mix is a unique individual dog and might have slightly different preferences. Understanding and catering to these preferences can ensure a happy and comfortable living environment for your furry friend.


Shiranian Temperament

The Shiranian, a mix of Shih Tzu and Pomeranian breeds, inherits a delightful blend of temperamental traits from its parent breeds. While each individual dog may have its own unique personality, there are certain common temperamental characteristics that define the Shih Pom breed.

Friendly and Affectionate

Pomshis are known for their friendly and affectionate nature. They are incredibly warm towards their family members and enjoy spending quality time with them. Their fondness for companionship extends to all family members, making them a good family dog, although they may be better suited to families with older children.

Intelligent and Quick Learners

The Shihpom is a smart breed, inheriting intelligence from both the Shih Tzu and the Pomeranian. This intelligence translates into them being quick learners. Training sessions, when conducted using positive reinforcement methods from a young age, are generally well received. Whether it’s basic obedience training or more complex commands, these dogs can grasp them with proper training.

Social but Prone to Separation Anxiety

Shiranians enjoy being social, appreciating interactions with their human family and even other dogs. However, their sociable nature means that they can suffer from separation anxiety if left alone for long periods of time. It is, therefore, important for potential owners to consider their daily routines and ensure that their Shih Pom is not left alone for extended periods.

Lively and Playful

In spite of their small size, Shiranians are lively dogs with a playful streak. They enjoy interactive playtime, whether with dog toys or their human family members. This playfulness, combined with their moderate energy levels, makes for a fun-loving pet that enjoys engaging in play but doesn’t demand excessive physical activity.

Each Shihpom’s temperament may be influenced by various factors, including their genetic makeup, upbringing, and socialization experiences. Nevertheless, with their combination of affectionate, intelligent, and lively dispositions, Shihpoms make for charming and delightful companions.


Shiranian Grooming

The Shiranian’s adorable looks are accompanied by specific grooming needs that owners should be prepared to handle. Regular grooming not only maintains the aesthetic appeal of these dogs but also significantly contributes to their overall health and well-being.


A Shih Pom’s long, sometimes silky or fluffy coat requires daily brushing. Regular use of a pin brush can help remove any tangles or mats, keeping the dog’s hair shiny and healthy. Brushing also helps manage shedding, as these dogs can be moderate to high shedders depending on the coat traits inherited from their parent breeds.


Shiranians do not require frequent baths, with once every three to four weeks generally being sufficient unless they get particularly dirty. Bathing them too often can strip their coat of natural oils, leading to dry skin and hair. When bathing your Shih Tzu Pomeranian mix, always use a gentle, hypoallergenic dog shampoo to protect their skin and maintain the softness of their coat.


With their adorable floppy ears, Shihpoms can be prone to ear infections if proper care isn’t taken. Weekly checks for any signs of redness, bad odor, or excessive wax buildup can help detect issues early. A gentle clean using a vet-approved solution and cotton ball can help maintain the health of your dog’s ears.


Like all dogs, a Shiranian’s nails should be trimmed regularly, usually every three to four weeks. Keeping their nails at an appropriate length prevents them from becoming overly long, which can cause discomfort and potential injury. A quiet, calm environment and a pair of sharp, high-quality dog nail clippers can make this task easier for both you and your Shiranian.


Dental care is crucial for the Shih Tzu Pomeranian mix due to their smaller mouths and shorter muzzles. Regular brushing of your dog’s teeth using a dog-friendly toothpaste can help prevent dental problems. Dental chews or chew toys can also assist in maintaining oral health, but they should not replace brushing.

By sticking to a consistent grooming routine, you can ensure your Shih Tzu Pomeranian mix not only looks their best but also stays healthier, with potential issues spotted early on through regular grooming sessions.


Shiranian Nutrition

Proper nutrition is key to maintaining the health and happiness of your Shih Pom. Due to their small size, these dogs have specific dietary needs that differ from larger breeds. Here’s a breakdown of what to consider when planning your Shiranian’s diet:


Given their small size and moderate energy levels, Shihpoms don’t require a large amount of calories each day. On average, an adult Shiranian may need about 300-400 calories per day, while a more active Shihpom or a puppy may require a slightly higher caloric intake. As with any breed, caloric needs can vary based on the individual dog’s age, activity level, and overall health.


A high-quality source of animal protein should make up a significant portion of your Shiranian’s diet. Protein supports muscle development and overall bodily function. Aim for diets with about 18-25% protein content, and ensure that a named animal protein source (like chicken, beef, or fish) is the first ingredient on the pet food label.


Carbohydrates provide your Shih Pom with the energy they need to stay playful and active. However, ensure that carbs come from high-quality, digestible sources like sweet potatoes, brown rice, or oats. Avoid dog foods with too many filler ingredients or low-quality grains.


Fats are essential for maintaining your Shiranian’s long, beautiful coat and promoting brain development in puppies. Look for dog food that includes healthy fats like omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids. However, keep in mind that fats are calorie-dense, so they should make up a balanced portion of your dog’s diet to prevent unwanted weight gain.

How Much to Feed Your Shiranian

Given their small size, Shihpoms typically do well with smaller, more frequent meals. For an adult Shiranian, about a half to one full cup of dry dog food, divided into two meals per day, is usually sufficient. Puppies have different nutritional needs and should be fed specially-formulated puppy food. Always consult with your vet to determine the most appropriate diet and feeding schedule for your individual dog.

Choosing a high-quality, holistic dog food that meets your Shih Pom’s nutritional needs can contribute to their overall health and life expectancy. Remember, every dog is unique, and what works for one may not work for another. Always consult with a reputable vet for the best dietary advice for your pet.


Shiranian Training

Training a Shih Tzu and Pomeranian Mix, like with any dog breed, requires patience, consistency, and an understanding of the breed’s unique personality traits. These dogs are known for their intelligence and quick learning abilities, but certain aspects of training should be considered for a positive and successful outcome.

Obedience Training

Start obedience training early in your Shiranian’s life to establish good behavior patterns. These dogs can be quite receptive to commands and training if they’re engaged in a positive and encouraging manner. Keep training sessions short and frequent to match their attention span, and always end on a positive note to keep them eager for the next session.


Shihpoms can be quite social and enjoy interacting with people and other dogs. Early socialization is crucial in ensuring they grow into well-rounded, confident adult dogs. Expose them to various situations, people, and other dogs from a young age, always ensuring these experiences are positive.

Potty Training

Potty training can sometimes be a challenge with smaller breeds, but with consistent efforts, Shiranians can be successfully house trained. Use positive reinforcement methods, rewarding your Shiranian puppy whenever they correctly use their designated potty spot. Consistency and patience are key in this aspect of training.

Addressing Separation Anxiety

Given their sociable nature, Shih Poms can suffer from separation anxiety if left alone for long periods of time. Training them to be comfortable alone for short periods can help alleviate this issue. Start with brief separations and gradually increase the duration. Providing chew toys or puzzle feeders can also keep them occupied when alone.

Recall Training

Being small dogs, Shiranians can easily find themselves in dangerous situations if they run off without recall control. Early recall training can help ensure your Shiranian returns to you when called, adding an extra level of safety during outdoor activities.

Remember, every Shih Tzu and Pomeranian Mix is an individual, and their progress during training will vary. Consistent, positive reinforcement methods will work best with this breed, encouraging their natural intelligence and eager-to-please nature. Working with a professional dog trainer or enrolling your Shih Tzu and Pomeranian Mix in puppy training classes can also be a good idea, particularly for first-time dog owners.

Shih Pom puppy

Shiranian Exercise

Exercise is an integral part of a Shiranian’s life. Even though they are small breeds and considered designer dogs, they have a lively disposition and require regular physical activity for their overall health and well-being. Understanding their exercise needs can help keep these little dogs happy and healthy.

Daily Exercise Requirements

Shihpoms are moderately active dogs, which means they do not require extensive exercise regimes. However, they still enjoy and benefit from daily physical activity. A couple of short walks of about 20-30 minutes each day, combined with some playtime, can typically meet a Shiranian’s exercise needs.


As with many small breeds, Shiranians love to play. This can be a great way to keep them active and engaged while also providing a bonding opportunity for you both. Playtime can involve games like fetch or hide and seek, using a variety of dog toys. Remember, despite their small size, Shiranians can be quite agile and energetic during play.

Mental Stimulation

In addition to physical exercise, Shih Poms, being intelligent dogs, require mental stimulation. This can be achieved through interactive toys, puzzle feeders, or training sessions. Mental exercise can help prevent boredom and the development of unwanted behaviors.

Exercise Precautions

Due to their small size, Shihpoms can be prone to certain health issues like joint problems, making it important to monitor their physical activity. Avoid activities that put excessive strain on their joints, such as jumping off high surfaces. Also, be mindful of their tolerance for extreme temperatures. Their long coat can cause overheating in hot weather, and their small body size can make them susceptible to the cold.

Although Shih Poms are small and might not need extensive exercise, a regular routine involving physical activity and mental stimulation is important for their health and happiness. A balance of walks, playtime, and mental engagement can ensure your Pomeranian and Shih Tzu mix stays fit and content.


Shiranian Health Issues

While Shiranians are generally healthy, they can be prone to certain health conditions inherited from their Shih Tzu and Pomeranian parents. Here are some potential health issues to be aware of:

Patellar Luxation

Patellar luxation is a common health issue in small breeds, including Shiranians. It occurs when the dog’s kneecap (patella) dislocates or moves out of its normal location. Signs of this condition may include intermittent limping or an abnormal gait. If left untreated, it can lead to arthritis or other degenerative joint diseases.


Cataracts, often noticeable as a cloudy appearance in the dog’s eye, can affect the vision of Shih Poms. This condition is common in many dog breeds and can lead to blindness if not treated. Regular veterinary check-ups can help identify this issue early and provide potential treatment options.


Shiranians can suffer from allergies, which could be food-related, environmental, or due to certain materials. Symptoms can include excessive scratching, redness of the skin, or gastrointestinal issues. Identifying the allergen and removing it from the dog’s environment is the most effective treatment.


Hypoglycemia, or low blood sugar, can be a concern, particularly in Shiranian puppies or underweight individuals. Signs can include weakness, confusion, or seizures. Feeding your Pomeranian Shih Tzu mix frequent small meals can help maintain stable blood sugar levels.


Hypothyroidism is a condition where the thyroid gland doesn’t produce enough thyroid hormone, leading to issues like weight gain, lethargy, and hair loss. Regular vet check-ups can help detect this condition early, and it can usually be managed with medication.

Remember, routine veterinary care and a healthy lifestyle can significantly contribute to your Shiranian’s overall health. Regular check-ups allow for early detection and management of potential health concerns. Being aware of these common health issues in Shipoms can help you better care for your pet and provide them with a long, healthy, and happy life.


Final Thoughts

Owning a Shiranian is a rewarding experience filled with joy, companionship, and endless affection. These tiny, lively dogs can fill your home with love, and their charming personalities can win over the hearts of everyone they meet. Their small size makes them a good fit for various living environments, from apartments to houses with yards. However, potential owners should be prepared for their grooming needs and possible health issues.

While their long, luxurious coats require regular grooming, the result is a beautiful, plush companion that is a joy to cuddle with. Being aware of potential health concerns can also ensure they receive the best care possible for a long, healthy life.

Above all, Shih Poms thrive on companionship and will become a devoted member of your family. Their moderate exercise needs and flexibility make them a good choice for families, older individuals, or a single person looking for a furry companion. If you’re prepared to offer consistent love, care, and a bit of patience for training, a Shiranian can be an excellent addition to your home.

Frequently Asked Questions About Shiranians

Q: How well do Shiranians get along with other pets? A: Shiranians generally get along well with other pets, particularly if they are socialized from a young age. They are friendly dogs and can enjoy the company of other dogs or even cats. However, due to their small size, care should be taken when introducing them to larger dogs.

Q: Are Shiranians good with children? A: Yes, Shihpoms are usually good with children, especially older children who know how to interact with dogs appropriately. However, due to their small size, they can be easily injured, so it’s important to teach children to handle them gently.

Q: Are Shiranians suitable for first-time dog owners? A: Yes, with their friendly and adaptable nature, Shiranians can make a good choice for first-time dog owners. Their moderate exercise and training needs also make them manageable for those new to dog ownership.

Q: Are Shiranians noisy dogs? A: While individual behavior can vary, Shih Poms are typically not excessively noisy dogs. They may bark to alert their owners of strangers or unusual sounds, but they are not known to be problem barkers. Training from a young age can help manage any potential nuisance barking.

Q: How often should a Shiranian visit the vet? A: Like all dogs, Shiranians should have at least an annual veterinary check-up. Puppies, senior dogs, or those with health conditions may require more frequent visits. Regular check-ups allow for early detection of potential health issues and ensure your Shiranian’s vaccinations are up-to-date.

Q: Are Shiranians hypoallergenic? A: While no dog breed is 100% hypoallergenic, Shihpoms are considered a good choice for those with allergies due to their low-shedding coats. However, it’s always recommended to spend time with a Shiranian before bringing one home if allergies are a concern, as sensitivity can vary from person to person.

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